Sunday, April 29, 2007


Ask Glen?

Q. What is Croup disease?

A.Croup is a common respiratory problem characterized by a harsh, barking cough. Croup most often affects young children. It causes inflammation, swelling, and narrowing in the voice box (larynx), windpipe (trachea), and breathing (bronchial) tubes that lead to the lungs.

What causes croup?

Croup symptoms often develop a few days after the start of what appears to be an upper respiratory infection (URI), such as a cold. Most cases are caused by human parainfluenza viruses types I and II. However, other viruses, such as influenza viruses types A and B, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and measles, can also cause croup. As children grow older and structures in the throat and breathing tubes mature, they are less susceptible to croup.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of croup are caused by a narrowed airway and include a barking cough; a raspy, hoarse voice; and a harsh crowing noise when breathing in. Croup usually develops after a day or two of coldlike symptoms, such as a runny nose and congestion. Symptoms of croup often improve during the day and become worse at night; sometimes children have episodes, or attacks, of intense symptoms that wake them up in the middle of the night. Usually symptoms gradually improve within 2 to 5 days.

How is croup diagnosed?

A health professional usually diagnoses croup by using information from a medical history and performing a physical examination.

Since croup can cause breathing difficulty, a pulse oximeter may be placed on your child's finger, toe, or earlobe to measure blood oxygen content. Rarely, an X-ray may be needed to check for complications or to rule out other conditions, such as pneumonia.

How is it treated?

Even though croup is usually a minor illness, your child's coughing and troubled breathing can seem severe and frightening, especially during an episode or attack of intense symptoms. However, even intense symptoms usually improve with home treatment, such as staying calm, soothing your child, and humidifying the air.

If your child has extremely severe difficulty breathing, call 911 or other emergency services immediately.

If intense symptoms of croup do not improve after 30 minutes of home treatment, take your child to an immediate care facility or hospital emergency room. A health professional may give your child extra oxygen or medication to help open the airway. Most often, your child can then go home after treatment and observation.

Treating Croup - How to Care for a Child with Croup

Most cases of croup are mild and can therefore be treated at home. Only about 5 - 10% of croup cases required hospitalization.

The goal of treating croup is to make your child as comfortable as possible while he or she rides out the croup infection.

Tips for Treating Croup

Here are a few tips to treat croup and make your child feel more comfortable:

  • Make sure your child gets plenty of rest.
  • Give him or her lots of fluids to drink.
  • Avoid using cough medicines for your child's croup cough. Increasing fluids is most successful at helping the croup cough.
  • Check with your child's Pediatrician for dosing of Tylenol to help with fever and any chest discomfort he or she may be feeling.
  • Consider using home mist treatments.

  • Any personal health questions or problems mental or physical. Please consult your physician !

    Wishing You Great Health,

    Glen Edward Mitchell

    Got a question? Ask Glen!

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    Lawrenceville, Georgia, United States
    Is the Founder of Fitness Builders 4 Life,the WorkOut GEM,G350,G180, G90, Eat 4 Life, Clean, Lean & Mean & Ask Glen. The mission of the Fitness Builders is to provide the community with health education and to empower people to change unhealthy lifestyles thereby increasing life expectancy. By educating the community on healthier lifestyle practices it is the intent of Fitness Builders to reduce the ravages of obesity, heart disease, cancer and other lifestyle or self inflicted diseases. Glen is also a AMA Certified Nutrition Specialist and a ACE, ACSM, NASM Certified Personal Trainer has 30+ years in Sports, Exercise Science and Nutritional Food Management, Learning and Mentoring Men and Women on a more Mental & Physical Healthy Life Style consisting of a low fat, low salt, Low carbohydrate, high protein, organic nutrition which also includes moderate exercise and mental awareness. Stay Informed, Live long and be Mentally and Physically Healthy! Any questions? Ask Glen!

    Any Questions? Ask Glen!